Sustainable agriculture to nourish/feed the world

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Photo_Laura_3As the world’s population keeps growing, and farmable land keeps decreasing, the WHO suggests that we should start eating insects. The lack of food will only get worse. Are there any solutions?
The second plenary session of the Caux Dialogue on Land and Security was opened by Ambassador Laura Thompson, Deputy Director General of the International Organization of Migration (OIM). She emphasized the fact that migration must be regarded as a solution to the problem of land degradation. According to her, we must expect that many people will have to leave their lands, and we must especially be prepared for this, in order to avoid the social problems posed by a sudden population increase in a given area.

In the second half of the session, four speakers gave short talks on this subject, before answering questions. Participants heard from Luc Gnacadja, Former Executive Secretary of the UNCCD, Hans Herren, President of the Millenium Institute, William Dar, Directeur General of International Crop Research for Semi-Arid Tropics, Mathew Tuitoek, Deputy Governor of Baringo, Kenya and Hanspeter Liniger of World Overview of Conservation Approaches and Technologies.

They were unanimous: there are solutions. Research was undertaken, and is still underway, in the field of sustainable agriculture. It is possible to increase food production without harming the soil. Hanspeter Liniger drew participants’ attention to the fact that many natural disasters are caused by man, not by climate change. Deforestation causes the erosion of lands, which in turn causes floods followed by drought. It is therefore high time to react. The problem is that, on the one hand, small farmers do not have the necessary knowledge to implement these measures, and on the other hand, it is necessary for governments to take responsibility for these problems and put the necessary reforms in place. Managing to show that economically viable and sustainable agriculture is possible will be aimed for over the next few years. In the afternoon, the participants will have tried to find more concrete initiatives to try to solve the problems mentioned by the speakers.

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