Chapter 6.2 – Gender Roles and Land Use Preferences—Implications to Landscape Restoration in Southeast Asia

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By Delia C. Catacutan, World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF-Vietnam), Hanoi, Vietnam; and Grace B. Villamor, Center for Development Research, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany


This section discusses the roles that women play in agricultural production, as well as their land use choices and the implications of those choices on landscape restoration. Based on case studies from Indonesia, Vietnam, and the Philippines, we argue that the pathway to land restoration is influenced by the way that land is appreciated by direct stakeholders. Women, due to their increasingly productive roles, could become agents of either land degradation or restoration. Ignoring their specific needs may lead to unsuccessful implementations of land restoration programs. We recommend a greater emphasis on understanding gender-specific differences over land-use and land management practices as an entry point, followed by nuanced design and implementation of gender-responsive and gender-focused land restoration approaches and investments.

Download the full chapter at ScienceDirect.


Further information

About the Authors

Delia C Catacutan

Senior Social Scientist & Country Representative, World Agroforestry Centre

Obtaining a PhD degree on Natural & Rural Systems Management from the University of Queensland, Australia, followed by a Post-Doc on Sustainability Science at Harvard University, Delia Catacutan specializes in policy and institutional research on integrated natural resources management. With over 10-year experience in working with multi-disciplinary teams in various research and development projects in the Southeast Asia and East Africa, she coordinated the activities of Landcare International and held key positions at international partnerships such as Eco-agriculture Partners, Community Knowledge Service, Landscape Measures Initiative, and CGIAR System-wide program on Collective Action and Property Rights.

‘I am a field person with the passion for achieving agroforestry impacts on the ground.’ There seems to be a key for the success of Delia’s outstanding career.

Despite her busy schedule, she reveals a deep love for interior designing, cooking and housekeeping. ‘I also want to become a coffee entrepreneur and help smallholder coffee farmers engage in the internationally fair trade.’ She said.

She believes that by helping the Vietnam Country Program to enhance in line with the Centre Global Program’s mission and vision, she will add more value to the ICRAF Vietnam program.


Connect with Delia.

Grace B. Villamor

Research themes:
  • Land use and food security
  • Ecosystem services
  • Biodiversity
Research countries
  • Benin
  • China
  • Ghana
  • Indonesia
  • Philippines
  • Vietnam
Research topic: Modeling Human-Landscape Dynamic Systems (Participatory agent-based modeling); Social simulations (for negotiation/decision support) in agroforest landscapes; Land use change analysis and decision making; participatory mapping ecosystem services
Research projects: WP. 6.2: Agent-based modeling for integrated analysis of the Social-Ecological System at watershed scale (WASCAL)
Connect with Grace @agila_ph.

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