Chapter 8.4 – Development and Success, For Whom and Where: The Central Anatolian Case

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  • Erhan Akça, Adiyaman University, Technical Sciences, Vocational School, Adiyaman, Turkey

  • Kume Takashi, Ehime University, Department of Rural Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Matsuyama City, Japan

  • Tetsu Sato, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Motoyama, Kamigamo, Kita-ku, Kyoto, Japan

Abstract

Humanity’s first solution for meeting the challenge of sustaining food security was the “green revolution” that took place in Anatolia 10,000 BP. Natural landscapes were reshaped, and indigenous knowledge structures were developed into sustainable socioeconomic systems that existed in harmony with the environment. The agricultural landscapes created through such human practices also provided important ecosystem services, such as soil maintenance and desertification prevention. However, the 20th century witnessed another revolution, characterized by the excessive use of commodities in agriculture. This was an economic boon for low-income farmers in dry Central Anatolia, whose income tripled, or even quadrupled, through the introduction of irrigation. Although this meant success for some stakeholders, the excessive water use caused the rapid decrease of groundwater levels, which dropped from 15 to 150 m between the 1980s and 2000s. Consequently, a serious conflict between human livelihoods and sustainable groundwater management arose. Nevertheless, the drawbacks of excessive water use can be mitigated through in-depth interactions with local stakeholders and transdisciplinary learning processes, as well as by restoring the traditional land uses in the region, which were in congruence with nature.

 

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About the Authors

Erhan Akça, Adiyaman University, Technical Sciences, Vocational School, Adiyaman, Turkey

 

(TR) 1969 yılında Adana’da doğmuştur. 1988 yılında Adana Anadolu Lisesi, 1992 yılında Lisans (Çukurova Üniversitesi), 1995 yılında Yüksek Lisans (Çukurova Üniversitesi) ve 2001 yılında Doktora (Çukurova Üniversitesi) eğitimini tamamlamıştır. 1993 yılında Çukurova Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsünde Arş. Gör olarak göreve başlamıştır, 2001 yılında Çukurova Üniversitesinde Yrd.Doç.Dr. olarak göreve atanmıştır. 2002-2003 yılında Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Jeoloji Müh. Bölümünde Yrd.Doç.Dr (40-B görevlendirme). 2004-2008 Çukurova Üniversitesinde Toprak ve Arkeometri Bölümlerinde Yrd.Doç.Dr çalışmıştır. 2008 yılında Adıyaman MYO Mimari ve Dekoratif Sanatlar Seramik, Cam ve Çinicilik Bölümünde Yrd.Doç.Dr. olarak göreve başlamıştır. 2009  yılında Tokyo Üniversitesinde misafir öğretim üyesi olarak ders vermiştir. 2011 yılında doçentlik ünvanını Toprak ve Arkeometri alanlarında almıştır.

İngiliz Kültür Heyeti, Milletlerarası Teknik Stajyer Öğrenci Mübadelesi Birliği (IAESTE) burslarıyla Almanya, İngiltere ve İskoçya’da mineraloji, seramik ve mikromorfoloji çalışmalarını yürütmüştür.

NATO, Avrupa Birliği, Uluslararası İnsanlık ve Doğa Araştırma Enstitüsü (Japonya), İngiliz Kültür Heyeti, TÜBİTAK, Çukurova, Adıyaman ve Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversiteleri tarafından desteklenen toplam 24 projede yürütücü veya yardımcı araştırmacı olarak çalışmıştır.

15 adet yüksek lisans, 4 adet doktora jürisinde görev alan Doç.Dr. Erhan Akça TEMA Vakfı’nın Bilim Kurulu Danışmanlığını yürütmektedir. Dr. Erhan Akça 18 adet ulusal ve uluslararası seminer, çalıştay, kongre ve konferansın bilim kurulu, düzenleme kurulunda görev almıştır.

Doç.Dr. Erhan Akça Avrupa Birliği Ortak Araştırma Merkezi Avrupa Toprak Bürosu’nda Ulusal Teknik Uzman olarak görev almaktadır (http://eusoils.jrc.ec.europa.eu/esbn/esbn_members.html)

25 adet SCI olmak üzere 100’ün üzerinde Türkçe, İngilizce ve İtalyanca yayın yapmıştır. Yayınları 200’ün üzerinde adet atıf almıştır. Springer, TÜBİTAK ile Taylor and Francis yayınlarında editörlük yapmaktadır. Doç.Dr. Erhan Akça İngilizce ve Almanca bilmektedir. 08.01.2013 tarihi itibariyle Adıyaman Üniversitesi MYO’da El Sanatları Bölüm Başkanı olarak görevini yürütmektedir.

 

Kume Takashi, Ehime University, Department of Rural Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Matsuyama City, Japan

Connect with Kume Taka shi. http://web.agr.ehime-u.ac.jp/~rrmep/researchers.html

Tetsu Sato, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Motoyama, Kamigamo, Kita-ku, Kyoto, Japan

Tetsu Sato studied ecology and behavior of cichlid fishes of Lakes Tanganyika and Malawi for 20 years. He has since expanded his research areas to community-based conservation and natural resource management. Throughout my research career, Tetsu Sato focused on creating scientific knowledge bases for sustainable development and community-based management of ecosystem services. He also led a project to create a network of local scientists producing Integrated Local Environmental Knowledge (ILEK) from 2008 to 2012. ILEK, the central concept of the RIHN ILEK project, is a blend of various modes of knowledge production including scientific, local or traditional knowledge, providing bases for stakeholder-driven action toward sustainability.

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